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Listopad 2010


Zelenoocí Číňané ze zapadlé vesnice mohou být potomky ztracené římské legie

29. listopadu 2010 v 18:57
Nedávno provedené DNA testy nevyloučily spekulaci, že by mohli být zelenoocí Číňané z vesnice Li-čchian potomky ztracené římské legie. Mnoho tamějších obyvatel nese typové charakteristiky běžné pro západní civilizace. Někteří z nich mají zelené oči či dokonce blonďaté vlasy. Právě tato skutečnost vedla vědce k domněnce, že jde o potomky ztracené římské legie, která se usadila v této oblasti.
Nové DNA testy potvrdily dřívější spekulace, téměř dvě třetiny obyvatel vesnice Li-čchian nesou stopy bělošského původu. Tyto výsledky přidaly váhu teorii, podle které může být založení této vesnice úzce spojené s legendární ztracenou armádou římského generála Marca Crassa. Crassus byl poražen Parthy v roce 53 před naším letopočtem a byl popraven nedaleko dnešního Íránu. Jsou však známé příběhy, podle kterých bylo zajato 145 římských vojáků, kteří putovali regionem po celé roky. Domněnku spojení Římanů s vesnicí Li-čchian poprvé vyslovil oxfordský profesor Homer Dubs v padesátých letech 20. století. Osvojili si nápady římských vojáků Dubsovou teorií bylo, že členové římského vojska se v oblasti začali živit jako žoldáci a postupovali směrem na východ. To by podle něj vysvětlovalo, proč Číňané o 17 let později začali používat vojenskou formaci ve tvaru rybí šupiny. Domníval se, že část Římanů se dostala do dnešního Uzbekistánu a připojila se k vojevůdci Hunů v boji proti čínské dynastii Chan. Podle oxfordského profesora byla formace ve tvaru rybí šupiny reakcí na známou římskou "želvu", kterou tvořil válečný šik chráněný štíty nejen po stranách, ale i z vrchu. Dubs si dal dohromady příběhy se záznamy války Hunů a Číňanů a navíc připojil i legendu o ztracené armádě Marca Crassa. Dohromady mu vyšlo, že vše odpovídá tomu, že by občané vesnice Li-čchian mohli být jejich potomky. Odpůrci teorie: moc vyvozování, málo faktů Jeden z obyvatel vesnice Cchaj Ťun-nian (38) má jasně zelené oči a nikdo mu neřekne jinak než Říman Cchaj. Na něm jsou stopy bělošského původu jasně patrné. I nedaleké hrobky poskytují důkazy o tom, že zde opravdu Římané mohli žít. V jedné z nich byl totiž pohřben člověk, který měřil zhruba dva metry, což je výška, které dosahovali někteří Římané, ale ne tamější obyvatelé. Odpůrci této teorie však tvrdí, že bylo místo nedaleko populární obchodní stezky, po které chodili lidé nejrůznějších národností, včetně středomořských národů. Dodávají také, že Dubs příliš mnoho závěrů pouze "logicky vyvozoval".

Zemřel herec Leslie Nielsen

29. listopadu 2010 v 12:37
Ve věku 84 let v neděli zemřel kanadský herec Leslie Nielsen, který zářil v crazy komediích a parodiích. V nemocnici ve floridském Fort Lauderdale podlehl ve věku 84 let komplikacím při zápalu plic. Zemřel obklopen přáteli a ženou Bavareem, uvedl list Los Angeles Times.
Nielsen je znám především z filmové série Bláznivá střela. Tyto filmy vzpomněl i jeho agent John Kelly, když poskytl komentář k úmrtí: "Jsme smutní z odchodu milovaného herce Leslieho Nielsena, který se nejspíš nejvíce zapsal do povědomí jako policista Frank Drebin z filmové série Bláznivá střela, ale těšil se více než šedesátileté kariéře ve filmové a televizní tvorbě."
Leslie Nielsen na snímku z roku 2003, kdy dostal Řád Kanady.
Leslie Nielsen na snímku z roku 2003, kdy dostal Řád Kanady.
FOTO: ČTK/AP
Už v polovině 50. let Nielsen hrál ve sci-fi Zakázaná planeta, klasice žánru, a v roce 1972 se mihl ve slavném Dobrodružství Poseidonu, jinak ale byla jeho doménou hlavně televize - objevil se několikrát třeba v seriálu Colombo. Až v 80. letech přišly dvě role, které jej proslavily po celém světě, ale jež ho také zaškatulkovaly do rolí trdel všeho druhu.
Leslie Nielsen jako poručík Frank Drebin
Leslie Nielsen jako poručík Frank Drebin
FOTO: Paramount pictures
Nepříliš známého herce spíš vážných rolí Leslieho Nielsena si nejprve vybral Jim Abrahams s Davidem a Jerrym Zuckerovými do vedlejší role doktora Rumacka v Připoutejte se, prosím! (1980), kde pronesl s kamennou tváří mnoho nezapomenutelných replik.
O osm let později se všichni čtyři sešli u filmu Bláznivá střela, kde si Nielsen střihl roli zmateného detektiva Franka Drebina. Nielsen hrál dále ve filmech Agent WC 40, Pan Magor, Scary Movie 3 či Stan Helsing.

Od fantasy zpátky k hororu

28. listopadu 2010 v 12:19
Touhle cestou se ubírá kariéra britského sympaťáka Michaela J. Bassetta (foto). Není divu - Solomon Kane byl sice fajn, ale (i díky neuvedení v amerických kinech) na sebe nevydělal a na původně plánovanou trilogii tak můžeme zapomenout. Bassett si ale udělal dobré jméno a o nabídky nemá nouzi. Momentálně už připravuje Silent Hill: Revelation 3D a poté by se měl vrhnout na psychologický thriller Saint Mary´s. Jeho hrdiny bude skupina mladých lidí, uvězněná ve starém blázinci, kde řádí nadpřirozená síla. Ta každému z přítomných zhmotní jeho nejhorší noční můry. Nezní to sice dvakrát originálně, ale Bassett je šikula a strašit umí, takže věříme, že nakonec dostaneme vydařený žánrový kousek. (Cervenak)

Gilles De Rais

27. listopadu 2010 v 21:04
Gilles de Rais was born in late 1404 to Guy de Laval-Montmorency and Marie de Craon in the family castle at Machecoul, or, according to other sources, at Champtocé, 35 miles east of Nantes.[1][2] He was an intelligent child, speaking fluent Latin, illuminating manuscripts, and dividing his education between military discipline and moral and intellectual development.[3][4] Following the deaths of his father and mother in 1415, Gilles and his younger brother René de la Suze were placed under the tutelage of Jean de Craon, their maternal grandfather.[5] Jean de Craon was a schemer who attempted to arrange a marriage for twelve-year-old Gilles with four-year-old Jeanne Paynel, one of the richest heiresses in Normandy, and, when the plan failed, attempted unsuccessfully to unite the boy with Béatrice de Rohan, the niece to the Duke of Brittany.[6] On 30 November 1420, however, Craon substantially increased his grandson's fortune by marrying him off to Catherine de Thouars of Brittany, heiress of La Vendée and Poitou.[7] Their only child Marie was born in 1429.[8]

[edit] Military career

Coat of arms of Gilles de Rais
In the years following the Breton War of Succession, sixteen-year-old Gilles took the side of the Dukes of Brittany of the House of Montfort against a rival house led by Olivier de Blois, Count of Penthièvre.[9] The Blois faction, who still refused to relinquish their rule over Brittany, had taken Duke John V prisoner.[10] Rais was able to secure the Duke's release, and was rewarded with generous land grants which were converted to monetary gifts.[11]
In 1425, Rais was introduced to the court of the Charles VII at Saumur and learned courtly manners by studying the Dauphin.[12] In combat at Saint-Lô and Le Mans between 1427 and 1429, Gilles was allowed to indulge his taste for violence and carnage.[13] At the battle for the Château of Lude, he climbed the assault ladder and slew the English captain Blackburn.[14] He was young, handsome, and rich with companions-in-arms of his own stripe about him.[15]
From 1427 to 1435, Rais served as a commander in the Royal Army, distinguishing himself by displaying reckless bravery on the battlefield during the renewal of the Hundred Years War.[16] In 1429, he fought along with Joan of Arc in some of the campaigns waged against the English and their Burgundian allies.[17] He was present with Joan when the Siege of Orléans ended.[18]
On Sunday 17 July 1429, Gilles was chosen as one of four lords for the honor of bringing the holy ampulla from the Abbey of Saint-Remy to Notre-Dame de Reims for the consecration of Charles VII as King of France.[19] On the same day, he was officially created a Marshal of France.[17]
Following the Siege of Paris, Rais was granted the right to add the royal arms, the fleur-de-lys on an azure ground, to his own. The letters patent authorizing the display cited Gilles' "high and commendable services", the "great perils and dangers" he had confronted, and "many other brave feats".[20]
In May 1431, Joan of Arc was burned at the stake; Gilles was not present. He was more than likely engaged in private raids, holding local merchants for ransom, entertaining lavishly, or patronizing the arts. His grandfather died 15 November 1432, and, in a public gesture to mark his displeasure with Gilles' reckless spending of a carefully amassed fortune, left his sword and his breastplate to Gilles' younger brother René de la Suze.[21]
jjmu

[edit] Private life

In 1434/5, Rais gradually withdrew from military and public life in order to pursue his own interests: the construction of a splendid Chapel of the Holy Innocents (where he officiated in robes of his own design),[22] and the production of a theatrical spectacle called Le Mistère du Siège d'Orléans. The play consisted of more than 20,000 lines of verse, 140 speaking parts, and 500 extras. Gilles was almost bankrupt at the time of the production and began selling property as early as 1432 to support his extravagant lifestyle. By March 1433, he had sold all his estates in Poitou (except those of his wife) and all his property in Maine. Only two castles in Anjou, Champtocé and Ingrandes, remained in his possession. Half of the total sales and mortgages were spent on the production of his play. The spectacle was first performed in Orléans on 8 May 1435. Six hundred costumes were constructed, worn once, discarded, and constructed afresh for subsequent performances. Unlimited supplies of food and drink were made available to spectators at Gilles' expense.[23]
In June 1435, family members gathered to put a curb on Gilles. They appealed to Pope Eugene IV to disavow the Chapel of the Holy Innocents (which he refused to do) and carried their concerns to the king. On 2 July 1435, a royal edict was proclaimed in Orléans, Tours, Angers, Pouzauges, and Champtocé denouncing Gilles as a spendthrift and forbidding him from selling any further property. No subject of Charles VII was allowed to enter into any contract with him, and those in command of his castles were forbidden to dispose of them. Gilles' credit fell immediately and his creditors pressed upon him. He borrowed heavily, using his objets d'art, manuscripts, books and clothing as security. When he left Orléans in late August or early September 1435, the town was littered with precious objects he was forced to leave behind. The edict did not apply to Brittany and the family was unable to persuade the Duke of Brittany to enforce it.[24]

[edit] Occult involvement and murders

It was during this period that, according to trial testimony given by Rais and his accomplices, he began to experiment with the occult under the direction of a man named Francesco Prelati, who promised that Gilles could help him regain his squandered fortune by sacrificing children to a demon called "Baron". However, this story may have been encouraged at the trial as an attempt to find an explanation for the crimes he committed.
In his confession Gilles maintained the first assaults on children occurred between spring 1432 and spring 1433.[25] The first murders occurred at Champtocé; however, no account of these murders survives.[26] Shortly after, Gilles moved to Machecoul where, as the record of his confession states, he killed, or ordered to be killed, a great but uncertain number of children after he committed sodomy upon them.[26] Forty bodies were discovered in Machecoul in 1437.[26]
The first documented case of child-snatching and murder concerns a boy of about twelve years old called Jeudon, an apprentice to the furrier Guillaume Hilairet.[27] Gilles de Rais' cousins, Gilles de Sillé and Roger de Briqueville, asked the furrier to lend them the boy to take a message to Machecoul, and, when Jeudon did not return, the two noblemen told the inquiring furrier that they were ignorant of the boy's whereabouts and suggested he had been carried off by thieves at Tiffauges to be made into a page.[27] In Gilles de Rais' trial, the events were testified to by Hillairet and his wife, Jean Jeudon and his wife, and five others from Machecoul. There is no evidence linking Gilles de Rais to this kidnapping, but he was charged with the boy's death.[citation needed]
In his 1971 biography of Gilles de Rais, Jean Benedetti tells how the children who fell into Rais's hands were put to death:
"[The boy] was pampered and dressed in better clothes than he had ever known. The evening began with a large meal and heavy drinking, particularly hippocras, which acted as a stimulant. The boy was then taken to an upper room to which only Gilles and his immediate circle were admitted. There he was confronted with the true nature of his situation. The shock thus produced on the boy was an initial source of pleasure for Gilles."[27]
Gilles' bodyservant Etienne Corrillaut, known as Poitou, was an accomplice in many of the crimes and testified that his master hung his victims with ropes from a hook to prevent the child from crying out, then masturbated upon the child's belly or thighs. Taking the victim down, Rais comforted the child and assured him he only wanted to play with him. Gilles then either killed the child himself or had the child slain by his cousin Gilles de Sillé, Poitou or another bodyservant called Henriet.[28] The victims were killed by decapitation, cutting of their throats, dismemberment, or breaking of their necks with a stick. A short, thick, double-edged sword called a braquemard was kept at hand for the murders.[28] Poitou further testified that Rais sometimes committed his vices on the victims (whether boys or girls) before wounding them and at other times after the victim had been slashed in the throat or decapitated. According to Poitou, Rais disdained the victim's sexual organs, and took "infinitely more pleasure in debauching himself in this manner...than in using their natural orifice, in the normal manner."[28]
In his own confession, Gilles testified that "when the said children were dead, he kissed them and those who had the most handsome limbs and heads he held up to admire them, and had their bodies cruelly cut open and took delight at the sight of their inner organs; and very often when the children were dying he sat on their stomachs and took pleasure in seeing them die and laughed..."[29]
Poitou testified that he and Henriet burned the bodies in the fireplace in Gilles' room. The clothes of the victim were placed into the fire piece by piece so they burned slowly and the smell was minimized. The ashes were then thrown into the cesspit, the moat, or other hiding places.[29] The last recorded murder was of the son of Eonnet de Villeblanche and his wife Macée. Poitou paid twenty sous to have a page's doublet made for the victim, who was then assaulted, murdered, and incinerated in August 1440.[30]

[edit] Controversy

Some hold that Gilles de Rais was framed for murder by elements within the Church as part of an ecclesiastic plot or act of revenge, with the Duke of Brittany giving permission to prosecute Gilles de Rais and receiving his lands after the conviction. Title to the lands was ultimately transferred to the Duke of Brittany, who in turn divided them among his nobles. The guilty verdict was based on the detailed eyewitness accounts of his confederates and the testimony of his victims' parents.[31] However, since confessions in cases of heresy and witchcraft were often extracted through torture, similarities in confessions do not of necessity imply truth or accuracy in the content of the confessions. While none of the parents claimed direct knowledge of the crimes, spectral evidence and hearsay were not barred from consideration, as they are in most modern justice systems.
Anthropologist Margaret Murray and occultist Aleister Crowley are among those who have questioned the account of the ecclesiastic and secular authorities involved in the case. Murray, in her book The Witch-Cult in Western Europe (p. 173-174), speculated that Gilles de Rais was a witch and adherent of a fertility cult centered on the pagan goddess, Diana. According to Murray, "Gilles de Rais was tried and executed as a witch and, in the same way, much that is mysterious in this trial can also be explained by the Dianic Cult."[32]
Many historians reject Murray's theory.[33][34][35][36][37][38] Norman Cohn[39][40] argues that her theory does not agree with what is known of Gilles' crimes and trial. Historians do not regard Gilles as a martyr to an antiquated religion; recent scholars tend to view him as a Catholic who descended into crime and depravity.[41][42][43]

[edit] Trial and death

On 15 May 1440, Rais kidnapped a cleric during a dispute at the Church of Saint-Étienne-de-Mer-Morte.[44][45] The act prompted an investigation by the Bishop of Nantes, during which evidence of Gilles' crimes was uncovered.[44] On July 29, the Bishop released his findings,[46] and subsequently obtained the prosecutorial cooperation of Rais's former protector, Jean V, the Duke of Brittany. Rais and his bodyservants Poitou and Henriet were arrested on 15 September 1440,[47][48] following a secular investigation which paralleled the findings of the investigation from the Bishop of Nantes. Rais's prosecution would likewise be conducted by both secular and ecclesiastical courts, on charges which included murder, sodomy, and heresy.[49]
The extensive witness testimony convinced the judges that there were adequate grounds for establishing the guilt of the accused. After Rais admitted to the charges on 21 October,[50] the court canceled a plan to torture him into confessing.[51] Peasants of the neighboring villages had earlier begun to offer up accusations that since their children had entered Gilles' castle begging for food they had never been seen again. The transcript, which included testimony from the parents of many of these missing children as well as graphic descriptions of the murders provided by Gilles' accomplices, was said to be so lurid that the judges ordered the worst portions to be stricken from the record.
The precise number of Gilles' victims is not known, as most of the bodies were burned or buried. The number of murders is generally placed between 80 and 200; a few have conjectured numbers upwards of 600. The victims ranged in age from six to eighteen and included both sexes.
On 23 October 1440, the secular court heard the confessions of Poitou and Henriet and condemned them both to death,[52] followed by Gilles' death sentence on 25 October.[52] Gilles was allowed to make confession,[52] and his request to be buried in the church of the monastery of Notre-Dame des Carmes in Nantes was granted.[53]
Execution by hanging and burning was set for Wednesday 26 October. At nine o'clock, Gilles and his two accomplices made their way in procession to the place of execution on the Ile de Biesse.[54] There, Gilles addressed the throng of onlookers with contrite piety, and exhorted Henriet and Poitou to die bravely and think only of salvation.[53] Gilles' request to be the first to die had been granted the day before.[52] At eleven o'clock the brush at the platform was set afire and Rais was hanged. His body was cut down before being consumed by the flames and claimed by "four ladies of high rank" for burial.[53][55] Henriet and Poitou were executed in similar fashion; their bodies however were reduced to ashes in the flames and then scattered.[53][55][note 1][56]

The death of love-Cradle of filth lyrics

27. listopadu 2010 v 20:37

[Narration by Doug Bradley:]
Her penultimate sighs
Called softy on the kindling wind
Her saintly eyes filling with tears, lifting with truth
And then a golden flash like the onset of Heaven
Leaving her screams breaking my heart
And in the grip of fire
I knew the death of love

Where will you be when they tense for warfare?
What will you see with your innocence there?
Where will you be my darling?
Where will you be when they tense for warfare?

Where will you be when God is glorifying?
There we will be between the dead and dying
Where will you be my darling?
Where will you be when God is glorifying?


Prophecies and glory forge a massive disdain
For lying passive in the shadows whilst the enemy reigns
Devoted to the votive, holy standard above
'By command of the king of Heaven'
Came the death of love

Where will you be when they're vilifying?
How will they see when the truth is blinding?
Where will you be my darling?
Where will you be when they're vilifying?

Where will you be when the dark is rising?
How will you keep from it's terrorizing?
Where will you be my darling?
Where will you be when the dark is rising?


Burning was the sunset like a portent of doom
On the saintly iron maiden as she fell from her wound

But visions and ambition
Never listened to submission
And she was on a mission from the highest above
To Lord upon the slaughter
Like a sword through hissing water
She arose where archers sought her
For the death of love

The righteous death of love

Gilles adored her drama
Her suit of pure white armour
Blazed against the English in a torrent of light

And as they rallied onto night
A cancer fled his soul
Dissolving...

Framed amid the thick of fire
Aflame, a Valkyrie
She made him click without desire
And in his eyes she swam a Goddess

And even when they caught her breath
Her words would leave a scar
'For only in the grip of darkness
Will we shine amidst the brightest stars'


How will you breathe when their wheels are turning?
How will you know if the sky is burning?
Where will you be my darling?
How will you breathe when their wheels are turning?

Where will you be when Babel builds my fire?
Will you not flee and label me pariah?
Where will you be my darling?
Where will you be when they light my pyre?


Aligned with Joan in all
That was enthroned and divine
He swore to score the crimes
Jackdaws poured on this dove
Crimes he knew alone
Derived from minds of the blind
The church unfurled for murder perched
Upon the death of love

Framed amid the thick of fire
Aflame, a Valkyrie
She claimed the skies were lit with spires
And in his eyes she swam a Goddess

And even when she fought for breath
Her words would leave a scar
'For only in the grip of darkness
Will we shine amidst the brightest stars'

Was the Big Bang Preceded by Another Universe (Which Was Preceded by Another Universe)?

27. listopadu 2010 v 20:22

Was the Big Bang Preceded by Another Universe (Which Was Preceded by Another Universe)?


The current widely-held theory of life, the universe, and everything holds that at some point roughly 13.7 billion years ago everything that now is was packed into a tight little package from which sprung the Big Bang, which violently hurled everything into existence. But 13.7 billion years to get to where we are isn't enough for renowned physicist Sir Roger Penrose, and now he thinks he can prove that things aren't/weren't quite so simple. Drawing on evidence he found in the cosmic microwave background, Penrose says the Big Bang wasn't the beginning, but one in a series of cyclical Big Bangs, each of which spawned its own universe.

By Penrose's estimation, our universe is not the first - nor will it be the last - to spawn from a dense mass of highly-ordered everything into the complex universe we see around us. In fact, it's that high degree of order that was apparently present at the universe's birth that set him on this line of thought. The current Big Bang model doesn't supply a reason as to why a low entropy, highly ordered state existed at the birth of our universe unless things were set in order before the Big Bang occurred.

M:I:IV, Uncharted, Ranger – klepy potvrzeny

26. listopadu 2010 v 17:00

M:I:IV, Uncharted, Ranger - klepy potvrzeny - 26.11.2010
O těchto filmech jste už u nás četli. Nyní bylo potvrzeno několik informací, které ještě nedávno měly status "neověřených dohadů". Jeremy Renner, momentálně asi nejžádanější herec v Hollywoodu, hraje v Mission: Impossible - Ghost Protocol parťáka Toma Cruise. Už předtím se šeptalo, že jde vlastně o předání žezla, teď to Renner v rozhovoru pro MTV potvrdil. Čtyřka bude poslední M:I s Tomem, v případné páté části už bude hlavní postavou agent Brandt v podání Rennera. Jedeme dál: adaptace počítačové hry Uncharted, kterou připravuje David O. Russell, už zřejmě má svého Nathana Drakea. Moderního Indyho si podle všeho opravdu zahraje Mark Wahlberg. Ten navíc potvrdil, že se do vedlejších rolí snaží získat Roberta De Nira a Joea Pesciho. Wahlberg a Russell teď můžou prakticky cokoli - kolem jejich aktuální spolupráce, boxerského dramatu The Fighter, se začíná šířit pověst mimořádného filmu. No a nakonec je tady The Lone Ranger, adaptace stařičkého komiksu a populární rozhlasové hry o maskovaném ochránci práva na Divokém západě a jeho indiánském pomocníkovi, který si rozumí s nadpřirozenými mocnostmi. Gore Verbinski se po několika marných pokusech rozjet jiné projekty (film podle hry BioShock) pokorně vrací pod producentská křídla Jerryho Bruckheimera a bude akční western režírovat. Konec konců, s Johnnym Deppem, který si zahraje zmíněného Indiána, si vždy rozuměl. (Cervenak)

Buffy bez Whedona

25. listopadu 2010 v 16:36

Buffy bez Whedona - 25.11.2010
Je to vůbec přípustné? Podle fanoušků asi tolik, jako Bible bez Ježíše. Studio Warner Bros. má jiný názor a ve spolupráci s produkční společností Atlas Entertainment chce kultovní lovkyni upírů (a jiných strašidel) vzkřísit - jako filmovou sérii. Důvody jsou zřejmé - teenageři plus upíři rovná se ranec peněz, když se to navíc nalepí na osvědčenou značku, hit je zaručený. V tomto případě ale možná ne. Fenomén Buffy je natolik spjat s tvůrcem původního filmu a pozdějšího seriálu Jossem Whedonem, že komunita fanoušků na internetu vyhrožuje bojkotem takového projektu. Whedon sám je rozčarován. "Žijeme v smutných časech, kdy lidé, kteří neumí přijít s vlastní originální myšlenkou, parazitují na mrtvolách kdysi oblíbených příběhů." Svůj vzkaz končí slovy: "Nechte mě teď trpět, srdečně váš Joss." Bez ohledu na veskrze záporné reakce však už jistá Whitney Anderson pracuje na scénáři prvního filmu. (Cervenak)

Jeden z achievmentů na nějž jsem opravdu pyšný!

25. listopadu 2010 v 16:31
Mr. Black OP
Enter the Soviet relay station undetected.